It is assisted by an electric motor. At low speeds, or when stationary, the internal combustion engine can switch itself off and the 48V starter-generator seamlessly restarts it when needed. The separate 48V Li-Ion battery is automatically recharged by regenerative braking during coasting and braking. There is no requirement to connect the battery to a power source.
These days, Hybrid Vehicles (HEV) are an increasingly common sight on the road. This is especially true in cities and urban areas, where their fuel efficiency in a typical city can be an advantage.
As with Mild Hybrid (MHEV), these vehicles have an internal combustion engine, but they also have a larger battery and more powerful motor. This provides more assistance to the engine and enables the vehicle to drive parts of short journeys at low speeds using the electric motor alone. Thanks to the conventional engine, this can help improve driving range. This is because the vehicle is capable of using both battery and the internal combustion engine.
Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles (PHEV) have all the functionality of full Hybrid technology, with the added advantage that they can be charged from an external electricity supply. The capacity of the battery makes the Ford Transit Custom PHEV capable of zero-emissions while driving for ranges of up to 30 miles (50 kilometres)*, with the ability to switch to Hybrid mode to conserve battery life and to petrol or diesel for longer journeys.
All-Electric vehicles run exclusively on battery power and can deliver zero emissions while driving. Typically new All-Electric vehicles can now deliver a range of more than 300 miles (while older models typically have a range of 100 – 150 miles), so they can offer a radically different and exciting ownership experience.
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